What is surgical grade mask?
A surgical mask is a loose-fitting, disposable device that creates a physical barrier between the mouth and nose of the wearer and potential contaminants in the immediate environment. These are often referred to as face masks, although not all face masks are regulated as surgical masks.
Type IIR face masks EN14683 are medical face masks made up of a 4 ply construction that prevents large particles from reaching the patient or working surfaces. Type IIR Face masks include a splash resistant layer to protect against blood and other bodily fluids.
Type IIR surgical mask is Recommended for primary, outpatient, community and social care by setting, NHS and independent sector. Type IIR Fluid Repellent. CE Certified to EN14683 TYPE IIR. High bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) ≥ 98% Masks sealed in a pack of 50 for hygiene purposes.
Ideal for everyday use in public, these premium quality disposable medical face masks are fluid resistant, reducing the risk of cross contamination by preventing droplets from being expelled into the environment by the wearer.
Fluid resistance is a general term describing the extent to which a rubber product retains its original physical characteristics and ability to function when it is exposed to oil, chemicals, water, organic fluids or any liquid which it is likely to encounter in actual service.
Fluid Resistant IIR Face Masks
Layer one is Fluid resistant white outer layer protects the wearer against splashes and bodily fluids.
Layer two is Antimicrobial blue middle layer for bacterial filtration.
Layer three is Comfortable white inner layer designed to be gentle against the skin.
What are medical face masks made of?
Typically, these disposable, single-use masks are cut into a rectangle shape with pleats that expand to cover your nose, mouth, and jawline. They are composed of breathable synthetic fabric. Unlike respirators, surgical face masks don't have to meet NIOSH filtration standards.
During the current pandemic, there is a rise in the use of homemade masks and face coverings with a few schools of thought about whether this is advisable or not.
The argument that’s made for their use by The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control among others is that they could help to limit transmission of the virus in busy public situations where social distancing is difficult, such as public transport or supermarkets.
The argument against their use is that homemade masks will be many times less effective than medical masks at preventing the wearer from transmitting the virus and of almost no use in protecting the wearer themselves. In fact the concern is that a sense of false confidence given by using a mask would lead to a greater risk.
Members of the public who wish to use surgical or respirator masks masks should be aware that healthcare professionals are finding PPE hard to source and therefore question whether they are depriving healthcare workers who need them more of invaluable protection and in turn driving NHS procurement costs up.
Members of the public who wish to use cloth face coverings or homemade masks should be aware of their limitations and that social distancing, hand hygiene and avoiding touching the mask or face is of considerably more importance.